Anthocyanins and anthocyanidins
Anthocyanins and anthocyanidins

Anthocyanins and anthocyanidins

Purple-coloured foods contain a certain antioxidant called anthocyanin. This is the beautiful plant pigments which give fruit and veg their deep red-orange, purple or blue-violet hues.

They are polyphenolic pigments that belong to the flavonoid group

Many purple foods contain anthocyanins a flavonoid with potent agents to protect DNA and genomic activity.

purple foods are ‘superfoods’

Which foods contain anthocyanins?

blueberries – Also source of vitamin C which protect cells and aids absorption of iron

blackcurrants
blackberries
cranberries
red currant
raspberry
cherries
Red grapes
Pomegranate – Also provides vitamins A, C and E, iron, and other antioxidants such as tannins.
Aubergine skin
Purple sweet potato
radish
red cabbage
Beetroot – vitamins and minerals, including folate, iron, manganese, potassium, and nitrate-rich

Beetroot’s purple colour comes from plant chemicals called betalains. Like anthocyanins, betalains have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties

Dried Berries and raisin have a higher content

Anthocyanins Flavonoid

Anthocyanins Research

What are anthocyanins and why are purple foods so healthy?

Anthocyanins and Human Health: An In Vitro Investigative Approach

Anthocyanins (E163) are a class of water-soluble pigments extracted from fruits and vegetable that show red/purple colors in nature.

Anthocyanins and anthocyanidins

Analysis of condensed tannins: a review

Blueberries

Blueberries: antioxidant powerhouse?

High anthocyanin intake is associated with a reduced risk of myocardial infarction in young and middle-aged women.

Daily blueberry consumption improves blood pressure and arterial stiffness in postmenopausal women with pre- and stage 1-hypertension: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial.

Cognitive effects following acute wild blueberry supplementation in 7- to 10-year-old children

Researchers At Tufts University Report Blueberries May Reverse Memory Loss

Pomegranate

Pomegranate and its derivatives can improve bone health through decreased inflammation and oxidative stress in an animal model of postmenopausal osteoporosis

Pomegranate juice consumption for 3 years by patients with carotid artery stenosis reduces common carotid intima-media thickness, blood pressure and LDL oxidation.

Effects of pomegranate juice consumption on myocardial perfusion in patients with coronary heart disease.

Pomegranate: superfood or fad?

Beetroot

Inorganic nitrate and beetroot juice supplementation reduces blood pressure in adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

The effect of nitrate supplementation on exercise performance in healthy individuals: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Acute effect of a high nitrate diet on brain perfusion in older adults.

Does beetroot juice combat dementia?

Beetroot juice for blood pressure

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