Glutamate or glutamic acid is also known as L-glutamine which is one of the most abundant amino acids in the body. The brain and muscles have the highest concentrations.
What Glutamate do in the body?
Glutamate is a neurotransmitter the body uses to produce GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid) which is released by nerve cells in the brain.
Glutamine sends signals stimulating nerve cells in the central nervous system helping maintain the digestive system, cardiac function and circulatory system all in good health. Supporting proper neurological functioning, and it has an important role associated with improvements in mood, learning, concentration, and memory.
Excessive levels lead to neurological and mental diseases
GABA is produced in the brain from glutamate
Food sources high in glutamate
Glutamate gives its food “umami” taste, the fifth basic taste.
Fermented food dishes such as sauerkraut or kimchee supply glutamine
High cooking heats can break down glutamine, so it is best if these vegetables are consumed raw in order to maximize their glutamine content
We don’t usually need to take up any more glutamate than what we consume in our food.